Computer Applications: Secondary Level: Unit-4: 4.1 Programing Language And Fourth Generation Language

Unit: 4



Learning Outcomes:

After consummation of this unit you will actually want to
  •  make sense of/depict programming dialects
  •  make sense of/depict sort of language handling programming
  •  make sense of/depict significant level programming language
  •  make sense of/portray program control structures
  •  make sense of/portray program configuration apparatuses, and
  •  make sense of/depict QBASIC

4.1. Presentation of Programming Language


The strategy used to foster an answer or a program is called programming. It is the approach to composing program utilizing explicit coding to perform explicit undertaking.

PC Language(Code):

The arrangement of codes which is utilized to compose PC program is called scripting language . It is counterfeit language and can be utilized to characterize a grouping of directions that can eventually be handled and executed by the PC.

Source program(Code):

The first program written in undeniable level language is called source program. It ought to be converted into machine code, so PC gets it and reactions it.

Object Program(Code):

The program changed over into machine code by compiler is called object program.

Sorts Of Computer Language
Machine Level Language

The program composed utilizing machine code or parallel numbers (0 and 1) is called machine level language. It is PC's own double based language, or machine language which is hard for individuals to utilize. It is machine subordinate convoluted and tedious. It is additionally called original dialect.

Low level computing construct

The language which allows the utilization of mental helpers (which are mix of codes and English expressions) for every guidance that machine can do is called low level language. It in the middle between machine level language and significant level language. It is simpler than machine level language and ought to be converted into machine code utilizing constructing agent. It is likewise called second era language. Model pseudo programming.

Benefits Of Low Level Language

I) The calculation season of a low level computing construct program is less.
II) Program investigating is simpler.

Hindrances Of Low Level Language

I) It is machine subordinate.
II) Too hard to learn and execute.

Bug and Debug

Any kind of mistake in the program is called bug. The most common way of remedying bugs is called investigate.

Significant Level Language

The language which uses plain English words or expressions and numerical documentation, following the right punctuation (Certain principles which are followed to compose programs) is called undeniable level language. It ought to be converted into machine code utilizing compiler or mediator. So they are more slow. It is additionally called third era language. Model: QBASIC, C, C++, LOGO, LISP, ADA, PASCAL and so forth.

Benefits Of High Level Language
  • It is extremely straightforward in light of the fact that plain English words are utilized for programming.
  • There are pre-characterized orders, which limit crafted by software engineers.  
  • All the orders are punctuation driven, so they are exceptionally simple to learn and execute.
Elements Of High Level Language:
  •  It is machine autonomous and issues arranged.
  •  It doesn't need broad arithmetic information and PC equipment information.
  •  It demands less investment to learn and compose the projects.
  •  Give better execution and documentation.
4GL: Fourth-Generation Language (4GL):

Fourth-age PC programming language (4GL) are nearer to human language than other undeniable level dialects and are available to individuals without formal preparation as developers. They permit various normal tasks to be performed with a solitary developer entered order. They are expected to be more straightforward for clients than machine dialects (original), low level computing constructs (second-age), and more seasoned undeniable level dialects (third-age). 

A 4GL typically contains utility programming (device) that cooperates with the data set administration situation (DBMS) programming to store, control and recover information expected to fulfill client prerequisites for data.

Value of 4GL

1. It is expanded to Programme efficiency. One line of 4GL code is identical to a few lines of 3GL code.
2. Framework improvement is quicker.
3. Program support is more straightforward.
4. The completed framework is bound to be what the client visualized, in the event that a model is utilized and the client is involved all through the turn of events.
5. End client can frequently foster their own applications.
6. Programs created in 4GLs are more compact than those created in other age of dialects.
7. Documentation is improved on the grounds that a huge number are self reporting.

Negative mark of 4GL

1. The projects created during the 4GLs are executed at a more slow speed by the CPU.
2. The projects created in these programming dialects need more space in the memory of the PC framework.
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